Latest News BorneoTribun English: Health Today
Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Health. Show all posts

Thursday, November 10, 2022

InaVac Gets Emergency Approval From BPOM

InaVac Gets Emergency Approval From BPOM
InaVac Gets Emergency Approval From BPOM.
Surabaya - The Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM) has issued emergency use authorization (EUA) for InaVac, a COVID-19 vaccine developed by researchers from Airlangga University (Unair).

"InaVac has obtained emergency use authorization from BPOM and will be mass-produced," the rector of Unair, Prof. Moh. Nasih, said on the sidelines of the campus' dies natalis (anniversary) on Wednesday .

The vaccine, which can be used to prevent a COVID-19 infection, has been made using an inactivated virus, which means, a virus that cannot reproduce and cause disease.

InaVac has been approved for use as a primary vaccine for people aged 18 and above for boosting immunity levels.

According to Nasih, the vaccine was developed as part of an effort by the university to significantly contribute to and impact the health sector.

Following the provision of EUA from BPOM, he expressed his gratitude to various stakeholders that have supported the development of the vaccine.

"Thank you to the Ministry of Health for providing support in the form of large amounts of funding; the provincial government has also provided extraordinary support," he remarked.

"Dr. Soetomo Hospital has also been very supportive. Equally important has been the role of Unair researchers who worked hard for this," he added.

Former state-owned enterprises minister Dahlan Iskan also expressed his pleasure over the completion of the domestically-made COVID-19 vaccine.

"I am happy because Unair has processed this vaccine to completion. How this vaccine was successfully launched, how to find people who want to undergo the vaccine. Finding people who are willing to be clinically tested is extremely difficult.. but Unair managed to finish it," he said.

It is hoped that after InaVac, more vaccines will be produced through continued research and development so that they can answer future challenges and problems.

Unair is currently developing a booster vaccine and a COVID-19 vaccine for children.

"The news about vaccines has been very encouraging; hopefully, later booster vaccines and children can be produced," he said.

Pewarta : Yashinta Difa Pramudyani/Antara
Editor : Yakop

Sunday, October 30, 2022

Association Suggests BPOM To Mandate Industry To Self-inspect Products

Association Suggests BPOM To Mandate Industry To Self-inspect Products
Illustration - The Association of Indonesian Doctors for the Development of Traditional and Herbal Medicine (PDPOTJI) recommends the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM) mandate industries to self-inspect their products in terms of safety from diethylene glycol contamination. (Pixabay)
Jakarta - The Association of Indonesian Doctors for the Development of Traditional and Herbal Medicine (PDPOTJI) has recommended that BPOM mandate pharmaceutical industries to independently conduct the safety examination of their products including the solvents.

"The pharmaceutical industries are also requested to carry out periodic self-examinations on the finished products," Chairperson of PDPOTJI, Inggrid Tania, said in the webinar on "The Science, Safety & Efficacy of Traditional Herbal Potions (Jamu) for Children & Adults" here on Sunday.

She suggested that the independent examination of products comply with the inspection standards set by the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM) to detect the presence of diethylene glycol contamination in syrup medicinal products.

According to her, a similar recommendation has also been given by Pakistan's food and drug authority in responding to the cases of kidney failure in Gambia, West Africa, and Indonesia.

"Giving warnings to every industry, society and health workers. Other countries which have not reported cases of acute kidney failure have taken anticipatory steps," she said.

In Indonesia, the number of kidney failure cases in children reached 269 on October 26, 2022. The World Health Organization (WHO) has determined this as an epidemic of poisoning, as the one in Gambia.

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Health suspected that the investigation of kidney failure causes has led to drug poisoning.

Tania suggested that the government provide alternatives such as the administration of puyer, or medicines in the form of powder, or suppositoria, a medication that is inserted through the anus.

"For example, Paracetamol is ground into powder and given to children. The taste is bitter even though sugar is added," she said.

However, she cautioned that not all drugs can be ground into puyer, such as mixing Paracetamol and decongestant.

PDPOTJI also issued a recommendation for safe herbal potions for children as an alternative to fever treatment and cold and cough relievers.

This herbal concoction has a relatively good taste and is cheap and its ingredients are easy to find, Tania informed.

Oleh : Lia S, Kenzu/Antara
Editor : Yakop

Saturday, October 29, 2022

Indonesia Records 1,005 Additional Active COVID-19 Cases

Indonesia Records 1,005 Additional Active COVID-19 Cases
Indonesia Records 1,005 Additional Active COVID-19 Cases.
Jakarta - The number of active COVID-19 cases in Indonesia increased by 1,005 on Saturday to touch 23,748, the COVID-19 Handling Task Force reported.

With 3,141 fresh infections added per day, the total number of confirmed COVID-19 cases recorded in the country since March 2020 has reached 6,487,905.

The number of deaths climbed by 27 on Saturday, bringing the national death toll from the virus to 158,571.

Meanwhile, the number of recoveries increased by 2,109 to bring the total count to 6,305.586 nationwide.

Jakarta contributed the highest number of recoveries on Saturday at 852, followed by East Java (336), Banten (270), West Java (202), and Central Java (101).

Jakarta also contributed the most additional active cases at 1,041, followed by East Java (473), West Java (401), Central Java (246), and Banten (234).

Meanwhile, the highest number of deaths was recorded in Central Java at 8, followed by East Java (4), Jakarta (3), and South Sulawesi (3).

According to the task force, the total number of suspected patients reached 4,985 and the number of specimens examined touched 49,982 on Saturday.

As the COVID-19 pandemic has shown no signs of abating, the government has called on the public to follow the health protocols, including wearing masks and washing hands with running water.

Earlier, the Health Ministry appealed to citizens to get the booster vaccine soon as part of preparations for the COVID-19 endemic phase. 

Oleh : Martha HM, Suharto
Editor : Yakop

Friday, October 28, 2022

Recorded 1,210 Additional Active Of Active Infections To 22,743 In Indonesia

Recorded 1,210 Additional Active Of Active Infections To 22,743 In Indonesia
Recorded 1,210 Additional Active Of Active Infections To 22,743 In Indonesia.
Jakarta - The COVID-19 Handling Task Force recorded 1,210 additional active cases in the country on Friday, taking the total tally of active infections to 22,743.

Meanwhile, the total number of suspected patients examined in the country reached 4,816.

Jakarta contributed the largest number of new cases on Friday at 1,007, followed by West Java (448 cases), East Java (391), Central Java (257), and Banten (222).

With 3,015 fresh infections added per day, the total number of confirmed COVID-19 cases recorded in the country since March 2020 has reached 6,484,764.

The figure is based on the daily testing of 59,933 specimens at laboratories and medical facilities across Indonesia.

Meanwhile, the number of recoveries also increased by 1,783 on Friday to bring the total count to 6,303,477 nationwide.

The highest recovery rate was recorded in Jakarta at 714, followed by East Java (367), West Java (220), and Central Java (145).

Further, the number of deaths climbed by 22 on Friday, bringing the national death toll from the virus to 158,544.

Of the latest deaths, seven were reported from Central Java; four from East Java; two from East Kalimantan and DI Yogyakarta each; and one from West Java, Bali, Central Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara, Lampung, and Bangka Belitung each.

The daily positivity rate was recorded at 8.96 percent, with the number of people using the PCR and antigen method pegged at 26.19 percent.

The Health Ministry reminded that 6,903 sequences of BA.4 subvariants have been reported through GSAID so far. The reports have come from 58 countries, with the United States, the United Kingdom, Israel, South Africa, and Denmark accounting for the most reports.

It also urged people to be cautious of the spread of new variants of COVID-19 by always adhering to health protocols and wearing masks. 

Oleh : Fitra Ashari, Mecca Yumna/Antara
Editor : Yakop

Mental Health Problems Must Be Detected Early To Keep Them From Worsening

Mental Health Problems Must Be Detected Early To Keep Them From Worsening
Mental Health Problems Must Be Detected Early To Keep Them From Worsening.
Jakarta - Mental health problems must be detected early to keep them from worsening, according to an official from the Jakarta Health Office.

"Mental health is often not visible; thus, we need to be active to detect (problems),” acting head of the non-communicable disease, mental health, and substance abuse section of the office, Ngabila Salama, said at a World Mental Health Day commemoration event on Friday.

According to her, collaboration between various stakeholders is needed to raise awareness about the need for early detection of mental health problems, especially in terms of conducting creative and massive promotions.

“So, we have to campaign more often so that when people or children have mild disorders such as getting tired quickly, losing interest, feeling lazy to go to work, lazy to go to school, experiencing palpitations, finding it hard to sleep, these early symptoms can be diagnosed immediately; take them to the experts, treat them immediately," she expounded.

She said that to support early detection, the Jakarta Health Office has integrated the E-Soul and Mental Friend services with the JaKi (Jakarta Kini) application.

Adults can carry out screening using the E-Soul service, she informed. While using the service, people are required to answer questions honestly.

If the results of the screening show that they have mental health problems, they can consult clinical psychologists online through the Mental Friend service.

"Our clinical psychologists at community health centers are ready to help," Salama affirmed.

She informed that currently, there are 23 community health centers in subdistricts that are offering psychological services. She expressed the hope that in the future, all community health centers in Jakarta will offer the services.

"We are currently making a circular for strengthening so that 44 subdistricts have clinical psychologists," she added.

The Health Office is also developing an E-Soul service for children, she said.

Oleh : Suci Nurhaliza, Raka Adji/Antara
Editor : Yakop

Asked Residents To Remain Vigilant To Prevent The Transmission Of The Xbb Sub-Variant Of Covid-19

Asked Residents To Remain Vigilant To Prevent The Transmission Of The Xbb Sub-Variant Of Covid-19
Asked Residents To Remain Vigilant To Prevent The Transmission Of The Xbb Sub-Variant Of Covid-19.
Madiun, East Java - East Java Governor Khofifah Indar Parawansa has asked residents to remain vigilant and strictly follow health protocols to prevent the transmission of the XBB sub-variant of COVID-19, following the detection of one case in the province.

"I have asked the head of the East Java Health Office, the Institute of Tropical Disease of Airlangga University, and following the information from Mr. Health Minister on Wednesday (October 26, 2022) that one case of the Omicron XBB sub-variant has been (found) in East Java," Parawansa informed here on Friday.

The results of genomic sequencing have shown one confirmed case of the XBB sub-variant in the province as of Friday, with the patient, a 29-year-old woman, getting infected outside East Java, she said.

The governor informed that she had ordered the East Java Provincial Health Office and the East Java COVID-19 Task Force to keep monitoring and carrying out tracing of close contacts of the patient. This is because the XBB sub-variant has a quick transmission rate.

"The patient had mild symptoms. All close contacts have been tested and the results are negative. The patient has now been declared recovered or negative," she said.

The XBB sub-variant is reported to have caused a significant spike in cases in several countries, especially Singapore, she noted. Therefore, she appealed to all East Java residents to remain calm and not panic.

She said she expects people to keep maintaining and tightening the health protocols as a form of self- and family protection.

Besides calling for COVID-19 vaccinations, she instructed all hospitals, especially those under the authority of the East Java provincial government, to increase vigilance. Although COVID-19 cases in East Java are low, hospitals must not lose their grip on preparedness, Parawansa said.

Oleh : Louis S, Kenzu
Editor : Yakop

Thursday, October 27, 2022

AKI: Indonesia To Receive 200 Antidote Vials From Japan

AKI: Indonesia To Receive 200 Antidote Vials From Japan
AKI: Indonesia To Receive 200 Antidote Vials From Japan.
Jakarta - A pharmaceutical company from Japan, Takeda, has donated 200 vials of acute kidney injury (AKI) antidote, Fomepizole, to Indonesia, Health Ministry spokesperson Mohammad Syahril informed at a press conference here on Thursday.

“The drug will arrive next week. We will directly distribute it to government hospitals,” he said.

In addition to the donation from Japan, 70 vials of Fomepizole are also scheduled to arrive from Singapore.

The government has provided Fomepizole to the Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (RSCM). The condition of 10 out of 11 AKI patients at the hospital has been reported to have improved after they were administered the antidote.

Laboratory tests showed that the ethylene glycol levels in the 10 child patients were no longer detectable. The patients also managed to urinate after receiving the antidote.

Syahril said that the antidote is being provided for free by the government to patients who developed acute kidney injury after consuming syrup medicines that were suspected to be contaminated with ethylene glycol and diethylene glycol.

"This medicine (Fomepizole) is being provided completely free of charge to patients as part of the government's responsibility to handle cases of acute kidney injury," he affirmed.

As of October 26, 2022, the Ministry of Health has recorded 269 cases of atypical progressive acute kidney injury in Indonesia.

The regions with the highest number of cases are Jakarta, with 57 cases, followed by West Java (36), Aceh (30), East Java (25), and West Sumatra (19).

Besides Japan, the government is importing the antidote from Singapore, Australia, and the United States.

The government is currently still collecting data on acute kidney injury cases in all districts and cities in collaboration with local health offices, hospitals, and the Indonesian Pediatric Society (IDAI).

Oleh : Sugiharto Purnama, Raka Adji/Antara
Editor : Yakop

US Sends More Vaccines To Boost Indonesia's COVID Vaccination Drive

US Sends More Vaccines To Boost Indonesia's COVID Vaccination Drive
US Sends More Vaccines To Boost Indonesia's COVID Vaccination Drive.
Jakarta - The United States this week shipped more than five million doses of donated Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines to boost the vaccination drive against the novel coronavirus disease in Indonesia.

With the latest shipment, the United States had so far donated a total of 40.8 million doses to Indonesia and more than 620 million vaccines to more than 120 countries in each region of the world, the US Embassy in Jakarta said in a statement released on Thursday.

"I congratulate the Indonesian government on successfully fully vaccinating 73 percent of its population with COVID-19 vaccine," the United States Ambassador to Indonesia, Sung Y. Kim, said.

The new shipment demonstrates the United States’ continued commitment to meet President Joe Biden’s pledge to donate 1.2 billion doses of safe and effective vaccines worldwide, according to the embassy's statement.

"This new delivery of safe and effective vaccine doses will help Indonesia to continue pursuing higher vaccine and booster coverage," Ambassador Kim said.

"The United States remains committed to our strategic partnership with Indonesia to achieve sustained economic growth and development goals," he added.

Since the onset of the pandemic, the US government has provided more than US$77 million to support Indonesia’s COVID-19 response.

Besides, through the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the United States has assisted more than 840 thousand frontline healthcare workers and strengthened almost two thousand hospitals, clinics, and laboratories, the US Embassy informed.

"The United States is committed to partnering with the government and people of Indonesia to save lives while making a strong economic recovery and securing decades of development progress that was harmed by the pandemic," the embassy said.

Pewarta : Yuni Arisandy Sinaga/Antara
Editor : Yakop

Wednesday, October 26, 2022

Ministry, BPOM Conduct Cyber Patrols To Oversee Syrup Drug Circulation

Ministry, BPOM conduct cyber patrols to oversee syrup drug circulation
Ministry, BPOM conduct cyber patrols to oversee syrup drug circulation.
Jakarta - The Ministry of Communication and Informatics will help the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM) to conduct cyber patrols to oversee the circulation of syrup drugs.

"We will fully monitor and assist BPOM to protect the public from syrup drugs, with high toxic elements," Minister of Communication and Informatics Johnny G. Plate stated here, Wednesday (26/10/2022).

Plate explained that his ministry routinely conducted cyber patrols with other institutions. During this patrol, the ministry will help BPOM to oversee the circulation of syrup drugs to anticipate acute kidney disorders in children.

Head of BPOM Penny Kusumastuti Lukito noted on Monday that there were several drugs circulating on the e-commerce platform that did not meet the safety requirements set by her agency.

"There are 1,400 links that we have to follow up as part of the BPOM cyber patrols," Lukito remarked.

Until now, the BPOM has announced five drug brands that are considered ineligible, as they contain ethylene glycol (EG) and diethylene glycol (DEG) compounds that exceed the threshold.

The Ministry of Health also found at least 102 types of syrup drugs that had been consumed by patients with acute kidney disorders.

The hundreds of drugs are being investigated by BPOM to see the level of EG and DEG content in the syrup.

As of October 24, the Health Ministry found 255 cases of acute kidney disease in children from 26 provinces. A total of 143 patients died or equivalent to 56 of the total number of cases.

Results of the investigation showed that cases of acute kidney disorders were caused by syrups containing these compounds.

The Jakarta Health Service, on October 24, 2022, had received 90 reports of cases of acute kidney disorders in children, with almost 50 percent of the patients having died. In addition, the health service opened information services regarding acute kidney disorders through cellular numbers belonging to 44 community health centers (puskesmas) in the city.

In a bid to treat the patients, Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin reported that his ministry had brought Fomepizole medicine from Singapore and Australia to cure acute kidney disorders patients at the Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital as a referral hospital for this disease.

He said that patients receiving Fomepizole injections started to show improvement and were in a stable condition.

Oleh : Natisha Andarningtyas, Resinta S/Antara
Editor : Yakop

Tuesday, October 25, 2022

PAEI Calls for Bolstering Health Protocols To PreventXBB Spread

PAEI Calls for Bolstering Health Protocols To PreventXBB Spread
PAEI Calls for Bolstering Health Protocols To PreventXBB Spread. (Antara/Pixabay)
Jakarta - Head of the professional development division of the Indonesian Epidemiologists Association (PAEI), Masdalina Pane, has urged the community to strengthen the health protocols to prevent the spread of the XBB variant of COVID-19.

"The community must strengthen the health protocols because the XBB variant has been found in Indonesia," she said when contacted on Tuesday.

Pane, who is also a researcher at the Public Health Research Center of the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), explained that the XBB or the BA.2.10 variant has become a reminder of the need for compliance in wearing masks, washing hands, and avoiding crowds.

"The emergence of the new variant has also highlighted the need for protecting vulnerable groups such as older adults, children, and people with comorbidities from infection," she added (26/10/2022).

Through good compliance with the health protocols, a potential surge in cases may be suppressed, she said.

"What's important is the capacity of testing, tracing, and treatment must be continuously improved as part of efforts to prevent COVID-19 spread," she added.

She further noted that the capacity of testing, tracing, and treatment is also very important in order to support the transition to the endemic phase.

According to her, by increasing the capacity of testing, the actual number of cases in the community can be obtained.

Earlier on Friday (October 21, 2022), Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin stated that the XBB variant had been detected in Indonesia, and the government was monitoring the development of the case.

The minister emphasized that the country is not yet safe from the pandemic.

The first case of COVID-19 in Indonesia was confirmed in March 2020. According to data from the COVID-19 Handling Task Force, as of October 25, 2022, the nation has recorded 6,475,672 COVID-19 cases, 6,297,282 recoveries, and 158,475 deaths.

Oleh : Wuryanti Puspitasari, Raka Adji/Antara
Editor : Yakop

Ministry to Directly distribute AKI antidote to health facilities

Ministry to Directly distribute AKI antidote to health facilities
Ministry to Directly distribute AKI antidote to health facilities.
Jakarta - The Jakarta Health place of job has mentioned that the Ministry of Health will Directly distribute the antidote for acute kidney damage (AKI) to health facilities that are treating AKI patients to expedite its dealing with.

"it really is Allotted to health facilities that raise out remedy (of AKI patients)," head of the Jakarta Health place of work, Widyastuti, pointed out here on Tuesday.

The health administrative center head did Not deliver further Details on the antidote allocation that Jakarta would receive because it would be Supplied Right away to health facilities.

The Jakarta Health administrative center recorded 90 acute kidney damage cases in Children in the Period from January to October 24, 2022. Of the number, practically 50 percent died.

Consistent with Widyastuti, AKI patients who are still undergoing treatment are being treated in vertical hospitals owned by means of the Principal executive.

In Jakarta, Cipto Mangunkusumo Health center (RSCM) and Harapan Kita Mother and Baby Clinic are serving A. referral hospitals.

The Jakarta Health workplace has increased the bed abilitythe los angeles pediatric intensive care devices (PICU) in hospitals in the province from 197 to 219The l phase of efforts to address AKI in Teenagers.

The Health place of work has also increased the competency of doctors and nurses to take care of the limited selection of nephrology consultants or medical experts who playThe lrole in diagnosing and treating kidney troubles in Childrens, children, and teens.

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Health will accelerate the advent of Fomepizole, an antidote to drug poisoning seen in acute kidney damage patients. The Remedy Will be Provided free of price to all patients.

In keeping with the ministry’s Records, the condition of 10 out of 9/11 acute kidney damage patientsThe la Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital--who had consumed syrup drugs suspected of being contaminated with Distinctive chemical materials—has gradually multiplied after taking Fomepizole.

"We can conclude that this medication (Fomepizole) has A.high-quality affect, and we can accelerate its arrival to Indonesia so that Youngsters will probably be saved," Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin observed all throughthe los angelespress conference on Monday.

Sunday, October 23, 2022

Health Minister Highlights That Many Indonesians Lack Vitamin D

Health Minister Highlights That Many Indonesians Lack Vitamin D
Health Minister Highlights That Many Indonesians Lack Vitamin D.
Jakarta - Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin stated that there are still many people in Indonesia that experience vitamin D deficiency and remind the public to actively exercise and expose themselves to sunlight to avoid the condition.

There were many elderly people in Indonesia that experienced vitamin D deficiency even though it was necessary to avoid bone loss, he noted after an event in commemoration of National Osteoporosis Day here, Sunday.

"There are many Indonesians that, surprisingly, even though sunlight is abundant, experience vitamin D deficiency, which leads them to experience osteoporosis," he remarked.

Osteoporosis is a condition wherein the body has a low bone mass accompanied with declining bone tissue quality which can cause bone fragility.

This condition can be experienced by all individuals, both children and adults. However, osteoporosis occurs more frequently toward women who enter the menopause period.

Vitamin D plays a role in maintaining calcium and phosphor that can maintain bone density.

As a result, deficiency of vitamin D leads to deficiency of these two minerals which can make bones to become more fragile and at risk of osteoporosis.

"To this end, exercise more frequently and do activities outdoor, specifically before nine o'clock in the morning," she noted.

The data from 2018 Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) shows that around 36,4 percent of males and 30,7 percent of females over the age of 10 lack physical activities.

During the occasion, Sadikin informed that a total of 26 Fomepizole drug vials to medicate atypical progressive acute kidney injury will brought into the country today.

Indonesia received 10 vials of Fomepizole drug from Singapore and 16 from Australia that will be directly delivered today from the two countries, he informed.

Oleh : Prisca T V, Fadhli Ruhman
Editor : Yakop

Thursday, October 20, 2022

Ministry Prioritizing Covid-19 Vaccination For Travelers

Ministry Prioritizing Covid-19 Vaccination For Travelers
Ministry Prioritizing Covid-19 Vaccination For Travelers.
Jakarta - COVID-19 vaccinations are currently being prioritized for travelers in view of the declining stocks of available vaccines, Acting Director for Immunization Management at the Ministry of Health Prima Yosephine informed here on Wednesday.

“Thus, we are prioritizing this first while waiting for the shipment that will come and procurement from inside the country. We expect that, by November, everything will return (to normal),” she said.

She then urged people who are keen to travel to take the COVID-19 booster at the Harbor Health Office (KKP) before the departure date.

She asked them to contact the KKP as it stipulates the conditions for immunization. For example, to undertake umroh, people need to take the meningitis vaccination, which is being provided at the KKP, she explained.

According to Yosephine, currently, the available COVID-19 vaccine stock is pegged at around one million doses and it has already been distributed to the regions.

Vaccine stocks are also available at several public health centers (puskesmas), so people can get vaccinated at puskesmas that still have vaccines in stock.

"Not all puskesmas (stock) is empty, but it is not like in the past, in which (the stock) is abundance. Moreover, there are several puskesmas that do not have a stock," she informed.

In addition to prioritizing the booster vaccine for travelers, the government is also striving to conduct mapping to relocate vaccine stocks from provinces that have more vaccines to provinces that lack stocks.

On Wednesday, the COVID-19 task force reported that the number of Indonesians who have received the third dose or booster has reached 64,636,490.

The number of people who have received the third dose of the COVID-19 vaccine increased by 44,428 on Wednesday.

Meanwhile, the number of citizens who have received the first and second doses stood at 205,055,891 and 171,728,936, respectively. 

Oleh : Suci Nurhaliza, Fadhli Ruhman
Editor : Yakop

Health Ministry Finds Harmful Substances In Syrup Medicines

Health Ministry Finds Harmful Substances In Syrup Medicines
Ilustrasi. Health Ministry Finds Harmful Substances In Syrup Medicines. (pixabay)
Jakarta - Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin confirmed that three dangerous chemical substances were found in syrup medicine products suspected to cause atypical acute kidney failure among children.

According to the ministry's press statement here, Thursday, Sadikin remarked that the three substances were ethylene glycol (EG), diethylene glycol (DEG), and ethylene glycol butyl ether (EGBE), which ideally should not exist in syrup medicines.

Those chemical substances could be found in the syrup if polyethylene glycol, with strict tolerance limits, is used to increase the solubility of syrup medicines.

According to Indonesia Pharmacopoeia, EG and DEG were not used in the medicine formulation, yet their existence as a contaminant in syrup medicine, is tolerated for 0.1 percent for glycerine and propylene glycol and 0.25 percent for polyethylene glycol.

Sadikin confirmed that the ministry had suspended the sale of over-the-counter syrup medicine products to prevent more cases of acute kidney failure.

The ministry has also instructed health officers to not prescribe syrup medicine, suspected to be contaminated with EG and DEG, to patients, he emphasized.

"Pending the final quantitative research report from BPOM (National Agency of Drug and Food Control), the Health Ministry took conservative measures by (placing) a temporary ban on the use of syrup medicines," the minister noted.

He urged residents whose children need syrup medicines that could not be substituted with other medicine types, such as anti-epilepsy, to consult a paediatrician or a child health consultant.

Sadikin stated that 70 cases of atypical acute kidney failure among children below five years of age had been detected in Indonesia per month.

"Children with acute kidney failure have reached 70 per month, and the real case (count) might be higher than this. We also record close to 50-percent casualty rate," Sadikin remarked.

Oleh : Andi Firdaus, Nabil Ihsan/Antara
Editor : Yakop

Wednesday, October 19, 2022

BPOM Details Guidelines For Drug Syrup Consumption

BPOM Details Guidelines For Drug Syrup Consumption
BPOM Details Guidelines For Drug Syrup Consumption.
Jakarta - The Indonesian Food and Drug Supervisory Agency (BPOM) conveyed guidelines for the public in consuming syrups that were safe to avoid harmful contaminants that can affect health.

"The public can use drugs appropriately and do not exceed the dose, read the warnings carefully, and avoid using leftover syrup that has been opened and stored for a long time," agency's Director for Drug Registration, Siti Asfijah Abdoellah, noted in a written statement  here, Wednesday.

In addition, the BPOM reminds consumers to consult with doctors, pharmacists, or other health workers if symptoms do not decrease after three days of consuming the drug syrup.

Abdoellah urged consumers to fully report the drugs used to health workers as well as report side effects of drugs to the nearest health worker or through the BPOM Mobile and e-MESO Mobile service applications.

Moreover, the public should exercise greater vigilance and use drug products registered with BPOM obtained from pharmaceutical service facilities or official sources and always remember to check the packaging, label, circulation permit, and expiry date before buying and consuming drugs.

She said that BPOM had banned the use of Ethylene Glycol (EG) and Diethylene Glycol (DEG) in all syrup drug products' ingredients for children and adults.

"In accordance with the regulations and requirements for registration of medicinal products, BPOM has set a requirement that all syrup drug products for children and adults are not allowed to use EG and DEG," she emphasized.

Abdoellah remarked that EG and DEG can still be found as contaminants in additional solvents. The BPOM has set a maximum limit of EG and DEG on the two additives according to international standards.

The Ministry of Health stated that the cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) is unknown while highlighting the need for further investigation with BPOM, the Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI), and other related parties.

The BPOM encourages health workers and the pharmaceutical industry to actively report drug side effects after drug use as part of preventing unwanted incidents that can lead to a bigger impact.

The agency also conducts risk-based tracing, sampling, and gradual sample testing of syrup medicinal products that have the potential to contain EG and DEG contamination.

Abdullah noted that the results of product testing containing EG and DEG contamination still required further studies to ensure compliance with safe thresholds based on references.

Furthermore, products exceeding the safe threshold will receive administrative sanctions in the form of warnings, stern warnings, temporary cessation of drug manufacturing activities, freezing the Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) certificates, revocation of GMP certificates, and temporary cessation of advertising activities, as well as suspension of marketing permits and/or revocation of distribution permit.

"The pharmaceutical industry can also make other efforts, such as changing drug formulas and/or raw materials if needed," Abdullah stated.

The BPOM had earlier delivered an explanation regarding drug syrup for children contaminated with DEG and EG in Gambia, Africa, on Wednesday, October 12.

The BPOM stated that the syrups for children mentioned in the information from WHO comprised Promethazine Oral Solution, Kofexmalin Baby Cough Syrup, Makoff Baby Cough Syrup, and Magrip N Cold Syrup, produced by Maiden Pharmaceuticals Limited, India.

The four products recalled in Gambia were not registered and were not circulating in Indonesia, and to date, none of the products from the manufacturer Maiden Pharmaceutical Ltd, India, are registered with BPOM.

Oleh : Andi Firdaus, Resinta S/Antara
Editor : Yakop

IDAI Traces Acute Kidney Failure Case In Infant In Banyumas

IDAI Traces Acute Kidney Failure Case In Infant In Banyumas
IDAI Traces Acute Kidney Failure Case In Infant In Banyumas.
Semarang - The Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI) for Central Java traced the findings of a case of mysterious acute kidney failure in an eight-month-old infant in Banyumas District.

"There is one report from Banyumas. We are currently tracing it," Head of IDAI Central Java Fitri Hartanto stated here on Wednesday.

Hartanto noted that based on the report submitted to IDAI Central Java, the diagnosis of kidney failure in the pediatric patient was established.

She noted that IDAI Central Java was still investigating the cause of the patient's acute kidney failure.

"We are still looking for the cause, whether the patient is also taking paracetamol that is thought to contain ethylene glycol," she stated.

She remarked that pediatricians in Central Java region had been urged to report findings of suspected acute kidney failure in children and check whether the patient had a history of COVID-19, respiratory, or gastrointestinal disorders.

The Health Ministry has recorded 189 mysterious cases of acute kidney failure in children from various regions in Indonesia.

Based on the ministry's data, mysterious acute kidney failure occurs in children aged six months to 18 years.

Oleh : Immanuel Citra Senjaya, Katriana/Antara
Editor : Yakop

Saturday, August 6, 2022

Indonesia intensifies vigilance against monkeypox

Indonesia intensifies vigilance against monkeypox
Illustration - Monkeypox.
BORNEOTRIBUN JAKARTA -- Amid the global fight against COVID-19, which was first detected in China in late 2019, nearly 80 countries have lately found themselves battling another front—the outbreak of monkeypox.

On July 23, 2022, WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus declared the outbreak a public health emergency of international concern.

As of August 2, a total of 25,436 monkeypox cases have been confirmed in nearly 80 countries.

The United States, which currently has the most monkeypox cases in the world at more than 6,600, declared the outbreak a public health emergency on August 4.

The first monkeypox infection was detected in the United Kingdom in early May in an individual with a travel history to Nigeria, where the disease is endemic. Later, the virus spread to other European countries before moving to the United States, Canada, South America, Asia, Africa, and Oceania.

First identified in monkeys in 1958, the disease is characterized by mild symptoms such as fever, aches, and pus-filled skin lesions. People tend to recover from it within two to four weeks, according to the WHO.

The monkeypox virus spreads through close physical contact and is rarely fatal. The vast majority of patients in several countries, including the US, have so far been men who have sex with men.

In the Southeast Asian region, three countries have reported monkeypox cases as of July: Singapore, with eleven confirmed cases; Thailand, with two cases; and the Philippines, with one case.

Indonesia has so far reported no confirmed monkeypox cases, despite the detection of several suspected cases.

According to Health Minister Budi Gunadi Sadikin, a total of nine suspected monkeypox were detected in Indonesia, but all of them tested negative for monkeypox and positive for smallpox.

As part of preventive efforts, however, the Health Ministry has activated the surveillance system at all entry points to Indonesia, particularly airports.

Under the surveillance system, port health offices are checking the body temperature and indications of monkeypox in all travelers arriving from countries with cases of transmission of the zoonotic disease, Director General of Disease Prevention and Control at the Ministry of Health, Maxi Rein Rondonuwu, said recently.

The Indonesian Medical Association (IDI) has lauded the measures, saying preventive efforts are important, especially as almost all countries have relaxed travel rules.

"For example, foreign or domestic travelers entering Indonesia with skin disorders on their hand or face similar to smallpox, chickenpox, or herpes must be reported immediately to the health post at the airport," chairman of the IDI’s COVID-19 task force, Professor Zubairi Djoerban, said on August 4.

He also urged health workers to watch out for symptoms of skin disease, such as itching or spots, which could indicate a monkeypox infection.

In addition to strengthening security checks at airports, the authorities have also prepared laboratories, health service facilities, and research to anticipate the emergence of monkeypox.

The Health Ministry said that two laboratory facilities have been prepared to conduct epidemiological investigations for monkeypox, including undertaking examinations to detect the virus that causes the zoonotic disease.

The laboratories are Primate Animal Study Center (PSSP) laboratory of the Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) in Bogor city, West Java province, and the Prof. Sri Oemijati Research Laboratory on Infectious Disease at the Health Ministry’s Center for Health Development Policy (BKPK) in Jakarta.

Spokesperson for the Health Ministry, Mohammad Syahril, informed that the government will add ten laboratories at strategic locations to support the intensive effort to track the disease.

Besides, research will also be a key pillar for preventing the spread of diseases, including monkeypox, according to head of the Health Research Organization of the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), NLP Indi Dharmayanti.

"Monkeypox is still a question among the public because the information is still diverse. Therefore, research related to this disease is essential for the public to know, including the symptoms and what needs to be prepared," she explained at a Talk to Scientists (TTS) webinar on "Monkeypox, A Global Health Emergency, and What do we Need to Know?" on August 2.

The BRIN Health Research Organization is ready to identify the virus that causes it and conduct research related to monkeypox to strengthen Indonesia's readiness if the virus enters the country.

Meanwhile, the Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI) has said that children are more vulnerable to the monkeypox virus therefore, parents need to exercise vigilance against the disease.

IDAI chairman Piprim Basarah Yanuarso said that so far, there is no specific vaccine to prevent monkeypox. Hence, parents must teach their children to adopt clean and healthy behavior (PHBS) to prevent all kinds of infectious diseases.

Meanwhile, head of IDI’s monkeypox task force, Hanny Nilasari, urged the public to always comply with PHBS to reduce the risk of transmitting infectious diseases such as monkeypox.

In addition, people have been asked to follow the health protocols, such as wearing masks and maintaining hand hygiene.

To prevent exposure to the monkeypox virus, people must avoid direct contact with animals that can transmit the virus, such as rodents, marsupials, and primates, whether dead or alive, Nilasari said.

Meanwhile, head of the Indonesian Epidemiologists Association's (PAEI's) Professional Development Department, Masdalina Pane, earlier called upon residents to play an active role in preventing monkeypox transmission.

"Residents must have an understanding of this disease, so they can play an active role in the collective efforts to prevent the disease," Pane said.


Saturday, February 5, 2022

Over 130 Million Indonesians have been Injected Vaccines

Over 130 Million Indonesians have been Injected Vaccines
The Indonesian government plans to vaccinate more than 208 million people by early 2022.

BorneoTribun Jakarta - Some 716,993 people received their second of covid-19 vaccine in the past 24 hours, taking the number of fully vaccinated people to 130,122,520, Indonesia's covid-19 task force revealed on Friday.
Meanwhile, 396,673 people received their first dose of covid-19 vaccine in the same period, bringing the number of people who are at least partially vaccinated against covid-19 to 186,019,239.
To tackle the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the Indonesian government plans to vaccinate more than 208 million people by early 2022.

COVID-19 Update
The Indonesian government recorded 32,211 COVID-19 cases in the past 24 hours, bringing the total number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the country to 4,446,694.
From Thursday noon to Friday noon, the total number of recovered COVID-19 patients in the country increased by 7,190 to 4,161,987.
In the same period, Indonesia's official COVID-19 death toll was up by 42 to 144,453.

Manado Naval Base holds a Mass Maritime Vaccination Program in Tambun Village

Manado Naval Base holds a Mass Maritime Vaccination Program in Tambun Village
Manado Naval Base (Lantamal VIII) has deployed a naval ship for a mass vaccination program in North Minahasa district, North Sulawesi province. (ANTARA/HO-Information Service of Lantamal VIII/uyu)

BorneoTribun Manado, North Sulawesi - The Manado Naval Base (Lantamal VIII) deployed naval ship Tedong Selar II-VIII-28 to conduct a 'Maritime Mass Vaccination' program in Tambun Village, West Likupang Sub-district, North Minahasa District, North Sulawesi, on Saturday.

The commander of Lantamal VIII, Brigadier General I Wayan Ariwijaya, who directly led the activity, said that it was organized to support the government's efforts to expedite vaccinations.

"The activity is also our attempt to protect the residents of the region from COVID-19, thus they can carry out their activities safely," he added.

The mass vaccination program was held in accordance with the directive issued by Navy Chief of Staff, Admiral Yudo Margono, to all navy personnel to help curb the transmission of the coronavirus, he said.

He then urged the people of the village to participate in the vaccination program and build herd immunity by receiving the first, second, and third vaccination doses.

"In addition, we expect that the community will remain disciplined in implementing the health protocols," he remarked.

The naval base assigned two doctors, a vaccinator, and a number of supporting health workers from the Lantamal VIII Health Service, as well as several soldiers and Maritime Potential Development Officers (Babinpotmar) to conduct the vaccination activity, he informed.

Some officers of Mubune Village Community Health Center also assisted in the activity, he said.

Lantamal VIII prepared 300 doses of vaccines for the activity, he disclosed. Sinovac, AstraZeneca, and Pfizer vaccines were used for the drive, he added.

According to the Health Ministry’s website, as of 6 p.m. Western Indonesia Standard Time (WIB) on February 5, 2022, the second dose vaccination coverage among the general public, vulnerable groups, public officers, and medical officers in North Minahasa District had reached 45.09 percent of the target.

Meanwhile, the second dose vaccination coverage among the elderly group had reached 41.70 percent.

In addition, 6,820 children aged 6–11 years old had received the full dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. 

Source: Antara

Wednesday, January 26, 2022

Pemdes Batu Begigi with Forkopimcam Tanah Pinoh Review Vaccination at SD 02 Kota Baru

Pemdes Batu Begigi with Forkopimcam Tanah Pinoh Review Vaccination at SD 02 Kota Baru
Pemdes Batu Begigi with Forkopimcam Tanah Pinoh Review Vaccination at SD 02 Kota Baru.

BorneoTribun Melawi, Kalbar -- Head of Batu Begigi Village H. Taufikurahman with FORKOPIMCAM Tanah Pinoh, Kota Baru Police and Koramil 1205-04 / Tanah Pinoh reviewed the implementation of the Covid-19 Dose I vaccination, which was held at SD Negeri 02 Kota Baru, Tanah Pinoh District, Melawi Regency, Wednesday ( 26/01/2022) yesterday.

During the review, H. Taufikurahman greeted elementary school students who were and will be vaccinated. The village head explained that the purpose of vaccination was to prevent all students from contracting the Covid-19 disease.

Pemdes Batu Begigi with Forkopimcam Tanah Pinoh Review Vaccination at SD 02
Pemdes Batu Begigi with Forkopimcam Tanah Pinoh Review Vaccination at SD 02 Kota Baru.

"So don't be afraid to get vaccinated so that your body stays healthy and doesn't get infected with Covid-19. This vaccination is a government program. The government will never make its people suffer and suffer. So, don't be influenced by hoax news on social media that vaccination is dangerous," said H. Taufikurahman.

In addition to the students who were vaccinated, H. Taufikurahman also encouraged the Head of Kota Baru Dwi Libra Suroso, Amd. Kep and vaccinators on duty. "Thank you and keep the spirit to all medical officers, never get tired because this is a noble task in an effort to save human lives," he said.

I also don't forget to thank the Head of Kota Baru Police, Ipda Aditya Jaya Laksana M.S.Tr.K, PJ Danramil 04/ Tanah Pinoh Pelda Suyadi, and the Coordinator of the Education Office for their cooperation in implementing Child Vaccination in this school, said the Village Head of Batu Begigi.

On this occasion, the Head of Batu Begigi Village also appealed to parents of students who were present to continue to carry out health protocols in carrying out daily activities.

"Ladies and gentlemen, don't let your guard down, because Covid is not over yet, there's even a new type called Omicron. So stay alert and stay disciplined in carrying out health protocols, so that we avoid the dangers of Covid and stay healthy," concluded Petrus Hondro.

Principal of SD Negeri 02 Kota Baru Bahrudin, S.Pd, SD, expressed his gratitude to the Government, through the Health workers and the Vaccination Team from the Kota Baru Health Center so that at SD Negeri 02 Kota Baru, vaccinations could be carried out today.

The implementation of the first dose of vaccine for children was carried out well and conducive, with a total of 242 students being vaccinated. During the implementation of the vaccine, the teachers at SD Negeri 02 Kota Baru were very supportive of the vaccination activity, concluded Bahrudin.

Author : Erik.P